Skip Navigation Skip Navigation
 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission





Industries Natural Gas Natural Gas Project Landowner/Stakeholder Topics of Interest

 
Text Size small medium large
Natural Gas Project Landowner/Stakeholder Topics of Interest


Note: This page is best viewed in Internet Explorer

FERC considers applications from natural gas companies for construction and operation of interstate natural gas pipelines, storage facilities, compressor stations, other natural gas infrastructure, and liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals. In addition, FERC monitors the construction of natural gas projects to ensure compliance with environmental conditions required by the Commission.

If the natural gas project is on or abuts your land, as a landowner, you likely will first hear of it from the Natural Gas Company as it begins negotiations for use of your property and/or collects environmental information required for its application to the Commission. If you are interested in a proposed natural gas project, as a stakeholder, you may first learn of it through newspaper notices. The Q&As and the links on this page are intended to guide you to information and resources to help you understand FERCís role, how you may participate in a FERC proceeding, and how to resolve disputes that arise during construction.

How does FERC Review Natural Gas Projects?


FERC Natural Gas Certificate Process Review of natural gas projects is a multi-step process that provides landowners and stakeholders several opportunities to comment on a proposed project. Some natural gas companies take part in the Commissionís voluntary Pre-filing Process, where natural gas companies and Commission staff discuss the project with stakeholders and environmental issues are identified prior to the filing of an application. This diagram provides a high-level outline of the steps in FERC's process.
FERC Natural Gas Certificate Process PDF


An Interstate Natural Gas Facility on My Land? If a proposed pipeline route is on or abuts your land, or if your property is within one-half mile of a proposed compressor station or LNG facility, you will first learn of the project from the natural gas company as it plans and studies the route during either the Commissionís voluntary Pre-filing Process or in the application development process. The ďAn Interstate Natural Gas Facility on My Land? What Do I Need to Know?Ē PDF brochure provides answers to many frequently asked questions about natural gas projects, your rights, and the FERC process.


Play Learn how the FERC review process works through eLearning Training Modules

Top of page


Where Can I Find Project-Specific Information?

You should first contact the natural gas company proposing a project to learn more about project-specific information. Each project under consideration by FERC has a Docket Number, a unique case number that FERC assigns to the project that identifies the project throughout the FERC process. You can search eLibrary, FERCís database of documents filed with and issued by the Commission, to learn more about the project, review the application and other information submitted by the applicant, review any comments that have been filed, and find documents issued by the Commission.

eLibrary Search

If you need further assistance with eLibrary, you can call the numbers below:

eLibrary Assistance:
eLibrary Help Desk
Phone: 202-502-8423
Email: elibraryhelpdesk@ferc.gov
General Questions about the Commission:
Office of External Affairs
Telephone: 202-502-8004
Toll-free: 1-866-208-3372
Email: customer@ferc.gov


Top of page


How Can I Participate In The FERC Process?

As a member of the public, you have the right to participate in the FERC process by filing your comments on the project and/or by attending any public scoping/comment sessions that may be held by FERC. All comments, including those filed or given at public scoping/comment sessions will be evaluated and addressed in the environmental review document or the Commission decision document.

Individuals also have the option to intervene in Commission proceedings. Intervenors become participants in a proceeding and have the right to request rehearing of Commission decision documents and seek relief of final agency actions in the U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeal. Learn what it means to be an intervenor. Intervene

Top of page


What Happens If A Natural Gas Project Is Authorized by the FERC?

If a natural gas company receives authorization (i.e. approval) from FERC, as well as receives all necessary permits from other applicable agencies, acquires the required easements, and meets the pre-construction conditions of the FERC authorization, the natural gas company can begin construction of the natural gas project.

Top of page


Can The Natural Gas Company Take My Land?

A natural gas company will first attempt to negotiate an easement Ė the legal right to use a landownerís property for the purpose of building and/or operating natural gas pipeline facilities Ė with landowners, including compensation for use of the land. An easement gives the natural gas company the right to use the property, but the landowner retains the legal title or ownership of the land itself. If the Commission approves a proposed natural gas project, but the natural gas company cannot reach an agreement with a landowner, the Natural Gas Act, enacted by Congress, gives the natural gas company authority to obtain the easement by the exercise of the right of eminent domain. In such circumstances, eminent domain proceedings are initiated by the natural gas company in the federal district or state courts, and the court determines just compensation to the landowner.

FERC has no involvement in eminent domain proceedings.

Top of page


Where can I find info about Natural Gas Company Construction?

Below are some helpful links if you think you may be affected by, or are interested in, the construction of natural gas facilities.

Pipeline
upland-pocket-guide
wetland-pocket-guide
Learn about construction and operation Construction Diagram

Play E-Learning Modules
FERCís Pipeline Construction and Restoration Requirements in Upland Areas Guide PDF FERCís Pipeline Construction and Restoration Requirements for Wetlands and Waterbodies Guide PDF


Top of page


How Do I Resolve an Environmental Concern During Construction?

Natural gas companies may provide environmental complaint resolution procedures to landowners for projects under construction and during restoration of the right-of way. If you have difficulty contacting a pipeline company and/or resolving a dispute, the FERC Landowner Helpline staff can help.

Top of page


What Is The FERC Landowner Helpline And How Can It Help Me?

The FERC Landowner Helpline, managed by the FERC Dispute Resolution Service, facilitates communication between landowners and natural gas companies. FERC Landowner Helpline staff are neutral and independent professional mediators who do not advocate positions, conduct investigations for the Commission, or provide legal advice. They assist landowners with:

  • Construction-Related Concerns and Damages from interstate natural gas transmission and storage projects and LNG projects

  • Land Access Disputes

  • Executed Easement Disputes (pre-existing easement agreements)

  • Land Restoration Disputes (revegetation, settling or subsidence, erosion, or drainage)

  • Noise and/or Vibration Complaints


When calling the FERC Landowner Helpline, please, if known, have the projectís docket number, the name and location of the project, and the name and contact information for company officials you have been previously working with. This will help FERC staff better address your concerns.

FERC Landowner Helpline
Local: 202-502-6651
Toll-free: 1-877-337-2237
Email: LandownerHelp@ferc.gov

Top of page

Who Do I Contact if I Have Questions Regarding Safety Issues Or Other Areas of Concern?

Public Safety

If you smell gas, please evacuate the area and call 9-1-1.

If you have other public safety concerns regarding an operational pipeline, contact the Community Liaison Services at the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation. Visit http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/comm/cats.htm External Link for contact information based on your location.

State Utility Responsibilities

The activities listed below are generally regulated by the states. Please contact your appropriate state agency, such as the state public utility commission, for more information:
  • Intrastate or Local Distribution Natural Gas Pipelines Ė Pipelines that are located entirely within one state are generally regulated by that state.

  • Utility Bill Disputes

  • Oil Pipeline Siting

  • Oil and Gas Production

  • Electric Facility Siting

Top of page