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Regional Transmission Organizations (RTO)/Independent System Operators (ISO)


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Note: Click on the regions below to view more information
Map of Electric RTO/ISO regions


Independent System Operators grew out of Orders Nos. 888/889 where the Commission suggested the concept of an Independent System Operator as one way for existing tight power pools to satisfy the requirement of providing non-discriminatory access to transmission. Subsequently, in Order No. 2000, the Commission encouraged the voluntary formation of Regional Transmission Organizations to administer the transmission grid on a regional basis throughout North America (including Canada). Order No. 2000 delineated twelve characteristics and functions that an entity must satisfy in order to become a Regional Transmission Organization.


   
CAISO SPP ERCOT MISO PJM NYISO ISONE